City Views Bonn – Jewish Cemeteries in Bonn – (II) The Cemetery of Schwarzrheindorf

 

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The cemetery of Schwarzrheindorf on the right border of the Rhine is one of the oldest Jewish cemeteries in the Northern Rhineland. This cemetery which is situated in the district Bonn-Beuel near Nordbrücke – a highway bridge – and the municipal sewage works contains more than 400 graves and dates back to the first half of the 17th century. The first burial probably took place in 1623, according to the inscription of the oldest dated gravestone of Schabtai bar David. Up to 1873 almost all the deceased Jews of Bonn were buried in Schwarzrheindorf, exceptionally in the case of floods.

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In 1818 the cemetery was acquired by the Bonn Jewish community that shared it for burials with the Jewish communities of Villich/Beuel. From 1873 on, when a new Jewish cemetery in Bonn-Castell on the other side of the Rhine at the corner of Römerstrasse and Augustusring was inaugurated, only the northern part was still used for burials by the community of Villich/Beuel and out-of-town Jews.  In 1898 the site was devided in two:  the Jewish community of  Bonn assigned the northern part to the community of Villich/Beuel, the southern part remained property of Bonn’s community. 

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During de Nazi era the cemetery became overgrown and in felt a state of disrepair. Because of  military presence in immediate vicinity the cemetery was very often the target of attacks during World War II and was severly damaged in 1939.

In the 50s  and 1966-1968 the cemetery, which today is in hands of  Landesverbandes der jüdischen Kultusgemeinden in Düsseldorf, was largely restored. At the entrance a memorial was erected to honour the Jewish victims of Nazism with the inscription: „Sachor lo tischkach.- Remember! – Don’t forget the Jewish citizens killed during the Holocaust – that this event will never happen again –  erected on November 9, 1968 by the City of Beuel(*)“.

The very last funeral at Schwarzrheindorf Jewish cemetery – since 1990 heritage-protected area – took place in October 1992 (Theresa Weidenbaum, née Bachem, widow of Theodor Weidenbaum, * 04.09.1907/+ 25.10.1992). 

(*) At that time Beuel was still an autonomous city

See also: https://rudycouvreur.wordpress.com/?s=jewish+cemeteries+in+Bonn+%28I%29

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